One of the Seven Wonders of the World
, the Pharos lighthouse stood
sentinel at the entrance to the harbor at Alexandria Egypt for 1,600 years. That lighthouse gave its name
to the Italian (faro), Spanish (faro), and French (phares) lighthouse.
So the question is, how could the Scots-Irish/Scottish immigrants to
America get the name Phares
in the first place?
The answer might be in the Crusades (First Crusade, 1096-1099, Second Crusade; 1146-1148;
Third Crusade 1189-1192; Fourth Crusade, 1202-1204).
During the time that the Crusaders held the Holy Land, some Crusades adopted
, especially the Norman French Knights Templars
. It is possible that some Crusader
also adopted the name Phares, or a form of that name. Phares
would be a knightly
name, a sentinel,
or even a giver of light.
The name Phares
appears in both France and Scotland which would be expected since
the Knight Templars had very good relationship with the Scottish Knights, and Scotland and France were often closely
In 1608-1609, the Ulster Plantation (now known as North Ireland) was created under the
of King James I of England. The majority of the settlers to the Ulster Plantation were the Scots. Some decades
later, a considerable number of these Scots (or their descendants) migrated to America, where they came to
be known as the Scots-Irish. So the name Phares came to America.
Table of Contents
When is a Faris a Phares?
The Phares Family, 1762-1823
The Horse Case
, 1790, Pendleton County Virginia
John M. Phares