Kalar Family Association

Elizabeth Cade to Jacob Köhler
A Deed of Lease ~ 1813
Randolph County Virginia (Now West Virginia)
Deed Book 6, Page 257

Articles of an agreement made concluded and entered into this 23rd of April 1813 Between Elizabeth Cade of Randolph County & State of Virginia of one part & Jacob Keylor of said County & State of the other Wittnesses that the said Elizabeth Cade doth rent unto the said Jacob Keylor one farm containing three hundred thirteen acres laing & being on cheat river which he is to have & to Hold for the term of twelve Years unmolested by her or her heirs & the said Jacob Keylor for his part doth agree to Give unto the said Elizabeth Cade after the first Year one third that is raised of the Ground that is now unclearded and cleared & it is further understood that the said Jacob Kayler is to keep the said Elizabeth Cade in fire wood during this time & tend one field in Corn during this season & take care of it for her & also he is to deliver her thirds at her home & also he is at the completion of the twelve years give the said Elizabeth Cade quiet & peaceable possession without further Contract under a penalty of five hundred Dollars.
Signed sealed in the presence of
Benjamin Marh
Wm Ingram
Jacob Köhler (seal)
elizabeth + Cad (seal)

Randolph County April Term
This Deed of Lease was produced ---- and proven by the oath of Benjamin Marh a Witness thereto and ordered to be recorded.
Teste    A. Earl clk RC

Kohler NOTE:
    All the handwriting on the recording of this Deed of Lease appear to be in the same hand except the name of Jacob Köhler. That name is in a different hand and is in what is called Old German Script.
    The deed could have been written by a local lawyer or other person who was not aware of the actual spelling of the Köhler name, hence we see Keylor and Kayler in the deed. However the Köhler spelling reveals the true German spelling of the name. It was the normal practice of the County Clerk to accurately copy the original document. Normally, the clerk’s copy of the document would not contain original signatures. Still, this deed has the anomaly in that the one name, Jacob Köhler is not in the clerk’s hand. Could this be in Jacob Köhler hand? Or maybe the clerk made serious attempt to copy the name accurately.
    The next question is, How could Köhler become Keylor or even Kayler? The answer is phonetics. English speaking, non-German writers often spelled German names the way they sounded.
    We see the ö, a letter o, with the diacritic (diacritical mark) .. which is called the umlaut. That letter, ö, does not sound like the letter o. It sounds more like the letter a.
    For clarity, we have shown the name Köhler from the original recording plus two created versions in the Old German Script. Notice the third letter which looks exactly like the long s seen in American scripts until the mid-1800s. In the Old German Script, it is the letter h, not s. Here is an example of the American long s:

    Lastly, we used a commercially available font, Kurrent Kupferstich, from Walden Fonts Co., to create the third example on our graphic. This font is a good tool for those wanting to learn Old German Script.

From the 1813 Randolph Co. VA recording.

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